A History of the Martin Guitar Company
Martin guitar has three major inventions, all of which were the most plagiarized in the history. Now everyone sees different brands of acoustic guitars, from appearance to shape to internal structure. When Christian Frederick Martin came to the United States, while some guitar parts were from Europe, there was no courier service at the time. It was too time-consuming to transport parts from Europe to the United States, so he decided to make all the guitar parts in the United States and started to redesign the guitar.
The biggest breakthrough is the X-Bracing panel structure. Everyone knows that the most important part of an acoustic guitar is the panel! The tone of the acoustic guitar comes from the resonance of the panel, but if the panel is too thick, it will not shake at all, it will be equivalent to no sound; but the panel is too thin, the string tension will pull the guitar. Martin invented the Spruce fir panel with X-Bracing mechanics to make the panel thin and sound, and the structure is also able to withstand the string tension. Later, the X-Bracing panel structure was copied by different guitar brands.
In the 1930s, during the Great Depression, Martin continued to reform the guitar structure. Because the guitar volume is still very small, the general Live Band accompaniment is a large sound instrument such as Banjo and Mandolin. At the time, most of the guitar users were mainly women, and the guitar was just a musical instrument played by women in their homes, contrary to the present. Until Perry Bechtel, a famous Banjo musician, he hopes to play the guitar in the Live show and come to Martin to ask him to make a guitar that looks like Banjo. So Martin replaced Banjo’s steel wire with the traditional Gut String, and the guitar neck was increased to 14-fret, which can play a higher sound. This is Martin’s Orchestra Model (OM)!
At the same time as the invention of OM, Martin guitar made another larger resonance box, a louder guitar, and named after the UK’s largest warship Dreadnought, to highlight its large size and loud features. This is also the structure and look of the acoustic guitar we play nowadays.
The evolution of Martin’s acoustic guitar has further promoted the development of different music styles such as Country and Blues, making the acoustic guitar slowly becoming the most popular musical instrument in the world.
Martin Guitar (MARTIN) history and introduction
For a century and a half, Martin Guitars has long been recognized as the world’s best acoustic instrument company.
Martin Guitars succeeded in the history of the storm with the efforts of the Martin family leaders from generation to generation: from the initial CFMartin era, to the innovations that Sr.’s Stauffer led in 1830, and then to the recent CFMartin IV. The technological revolution of the world (Chris Martin). The insistence on family-run management has always kept Martin’s reputation, which is enough to reflect the excellence of the six generations of Martin people in guitar quality and production technology. Inside and outside the music industry, CF Martin has few rivals and maintains long-lasting vitality.
In its rich history, Martin Guitar has successfully adapted to the ever-changing product design and distribution systems and manufacturing methods. In addition to these ongoing innovations, Martin has never forsaken its original commitment to product quality. Whether it was a small workshop founded in 1833 or now expanding in Nazareth, Pennsylvania’s head office, it never gave up on the original intention of producing the world’s top musical instruments.
The story behind this now the most famous guitar manufacturer in the United States dates back to January 31, 1796. In a small German town, Mark Neukirchen, a man named Christian Frédéric Martin was born in the home of a local furniture carpenter. At the age of 15, Christian Frederick took over the family business and became a good woodworker. He then left his hometown, traveled to Vienna, the music capital, and became the famous guitar maker Johns at the time. Topher’s apprentice. This has had a profound impact on guitar production after Christian Frederick.
Although the record is very rough, it is obvious that young Martin is a talented apprentice, and soon he became one of the best producers in Stowford workshop. After marrying and having children, he resolutely returned to his hometown and opened his own workshop. However, shortly after his own career, Martin found himself in the fierce competition of the local woodware manufacturing and violin workshop associations.
Martin and his family have long been members of the local Woodworkers’ Association, and there are also many famous guitar makers. In order to reduce the external competition of their own associations, the Violin Tradesmen Association has been trying to prevent wooden craftsmen from making musical instruments. The Violin Craftsman Association launched a massive movement, claiming that the violinist talent belongs to the regular instrument makers who serve the artists. They not only pay attention to the results of their own production, but also pay attention to the artistic and cultural nature of the production process. In contrast, wood craftsmen are just a bunch of people who work in machinery, and the things they produce are just some furniture. They also claim that as long as they are normal, they can tell what is a guitar or what is a bench, and our work is fundamentally different from their work.
In order to defend their right to make guitars, members of the Woodsmiths Association counterattack that violin makers are not the right to make guitars, but the exploration of acoustic guitars is precisely George Martin, that is, Christian Frederick Martin. The father was completed 35 years ago. In order to support their remarks, the woodworkers invited the prestigious instrument dealers to prove in court that the instrument dealer claimed that Christian Frederick Martin, the apprentice of the famous violinist Stower, made the guitar. Not only is it of good quality, beautiful appearance, but also an unparalleled sound, which proves that he is a qualified and outstanding craftsman.
The smoke-filled struggle ended in the victory of the woodworker. However, this process touched Martin deeply. He believed that it was difficult to get development opportunities under the German industrial association system, so he decided to leave here. On September 9, 1833, Martin left his hometown to go to New York.
When he first arrived in New York, he opened his own shop at 196 Hudson Street in the West End. However, the size of this small store was comparable to today’s 84,000 square feet and today’s factory with nearly 500 employees. In the courtyard behind his shop, he set up a small workshop dedicated to guitar making. The products in the front store include short numbers and scores.
Due to the limited guitar production and the immature music market at the time, his start became extremely difficult. In order to save the retail of the store, CFMartin and various teachers, importers and wholesalers, including Bruno & Company (a subsidiary of Kaman) Henry Schatz and John Coupa developed a distribution agreement. Therefore, before 1840, many Martin guitars featuring “Martin & Schatz” and “Martin & Coupa” were produced.
Comparison of Martin’s sales model and the sales model of Martin’s factory in the past is not difficult to see the progress and changes of society. The barter was a common phenomenon in the retail industry at the time. In Martin’s sales record at the time, we could find many transaction records of goods exchange, and many of them even used guitar to change the records of children’s clothing and wine. . For the members of the Martin family who were born and raised in the rich Elbe region, life in the lower city of New York can be said to be very difficult. At the time, Martin’s close friend and business partner Schatz described that they had never been satisfied with the local life, so the Schatz family decided to move. In 1836, they moved to Nazareth, Pennsylvania, and bought a local 55-acre plot. After that, the Martins happened to be at their home, and it was such a chance that Martin’s determination was determined. After returning to New York, Martin and his wife decided to move to Pennsylvania again after careful consideration. Thus, in 1838, Martin sold his retail store in New York to Ludcus & Wolter and purchased an eight-acre open space on the outskirts of Nazareth. Apparently, Martin found the habitat he wanted and spent the rest of his life here.
The next few years were a few years of rapid growth for Martin and his guitar company. Counting the sales of the original store in New York, Martin’s sales records in those years frequently showed trade with the commercial center at that time. For example, Boston, Albany, Philadelphia, Richmond, Petersburg, Nashville, Biddlesboro, St. Louis, New Orleans, etc. The business at that time said that Martin should be quite smooth. As Martin said in an advertisement published in 1850: CFMartin, Qinqin, is honored to serve the musicians and is proud to offer the most advanced instruments for the expanding music industry.